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  • Abstract
  • METHODS
  • RESULTS
  • DISCUSSION
  • Acknowledgments
  • REFERENCES
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Abstract

The anti-inflammatory effects of ibuprofen and tramadol were investigated by measuring C-reactive protein concentrations after removal of an impacted lower third molar. Forty-five American Society of Anesthesiologists Class I patients were randomly categorized into 3 equal groups according to postoperative analgesic medication. The first group received tramadol (100 mg every 8 hours), the second group received ibuprofen (400 mg every 8 hours), and the last group received half doses of both drugs in combination (50 mg tramadol every 8 hours and 200 mg ibuprofen every 8 hours). C-reactive protein was measured before surgery to exclude the presence of any preexisting inflammatory condition that might interfere with the study. C-reactive protein was also determined immediately after surgery and 72 hours postoperatively. At 72 hours, C-reactive protein had increased over postsurgery baseline by 123% in the tramadol group (P < .001), 84% in the ibuprofen group (P < .001), and only 37% in the combined analgesic group (P = .078). These results suggest that tramadol may produce supra-additive anti-inflammatory effects with ibuprofen after third-molar extractions.

Keywords: C-reactive protein; Ibuprofen; Tramadol; Dentistry; Oral surgery
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Copyright: © 2006 by the American Dental Society of Anesthesiology
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Article Contents

Comparison of Remimazolam and Propofol for Intubated General Anesthesia for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

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