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  • METHODS
  • RESULTS
  • DISCUSSION
  • CONCLUSION
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT
  • REFERENCES
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Dental treatment of young pediatric patients can be confounded by lack of cooperation for dental rehabilitation procedures and even examination and/or radiographs. With the recent US Food and Drug Administration warning applied to many anesthetic/sedative agents for children less than 3 years old, a retrospective review of general anesthesia (GA) cases from 1 private pediatric dental practice was studied for age, gender, body mass index, anesthetic duration, airway management used, extent of dental surgical treatment, recovery time, and cardiac/pulmonary complications. For the 2016 calendar year, 351 consecutive GA cases were identified with patients aged 2–13 years. Of these, 336 underwent nasal endotracheal intubation. Forty-six of 351 patients (13%) were younger than 3 years. Median anesthesia duration was approximately 1.7 hours for all age groups. Dental treatment consisting of 8–9 teeth including crowns, fillings, and extractions was most frequently encountered. One hundred sixty-eight patients (48%), however, required care for 10–18 teeth. There were no episodes of significant oxygen desaturation. The overall complication rate was 1.1%, with 2 cases of postextubation croup, 1 case of mild intraoperative bronchospasm, and 1 case of intraoperative bradycardia. Complications did not correlate with children being overweight or obese.

Keywords: Brain developmental delay; General anesthesia; Pediatrics anesthesia; Endotracheal intubation; Laryngeal mask airway; Recovery time from anesthesia
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Copyright: © 2018 by the American Dental Society of Anesthesiology
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Article Contents

Perioperative Management of a Patient With Idiopathic Pulmonary Hypertension and a History of Syncope: A Case Report

Aiji Sato (Boku) DDS, PhD;,
 MinHye So MD, PhD;,
 Kazuma Fujikake MD, PhD;,
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 Yuji Kamimura MD, PhD;,
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 Kazuya Sobue MD, PhD

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 Yuko Shikama DDS,
 Hiroko Kobayashi DDS,
 Makoto Hirohata DDS,
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 Masahiro Okuda MD, PhD
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