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  • Conflict of Interest
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Although several adjuncts to the general anesthetic propofol have been proposed, there is insufficient research identifying the ideal agent, and in what dosage, to combine with propofol in dental outpatient anesthesia. Here we examined the combination of remifentanil or nitrous oxide and propofol in patients with severe dental avoidance undergoing dental treatment in the outpatient setting. Eighty patients were randomized to 4 groups and administered propofol/saline solution (PS; n = 20), propofol/remifentanil 0.25 μg/kg/min (PRe-0.25; n = 20), propofol/remifentanil 0.125 μg/kg/min (PRe-0.125; n = 20), or propofol/66% nitrous oxide (PN; n = 20). During anesthesia, the bispectral index value was kept between 40 and 60. Body movements and hemodynamic changes during anesthesia, emergence, and recovery as well as anesthetic cost were compared between the combinations. Body movements were observed in all patients administered PS but in no patients administered PRe-0.25, PRe-0.125, or PN. Postoperative nausea was observed in 5 patients (25%) administered PRe-0.25 and in 1 patient (5%) administered PN. Although both PRe-0.125 and PN were useful clinically, PRe-0.125 was the least expensive combination.

Keywords: Propofol; Remifentanil; Ambulatory anesthesia; Dental anesthesia; Anesthetic cost
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Copyright: © 2016 by the American Dental Society of Anesthesiology
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Article Contents

Perioperative Management of a Patient With Idiopathic Pulmonary Hypertension and a History of Syncope: A Case Report

Aiji Sato (Boku) DDS, PhD;,
 MinHye So MD, PhD;,
 Kazuma Fujikake MD, PhD;,
 Motoshi Tanaka MD;,
 Yuji Kamimura MD, PhD;,
 Haruko Ota MD, PhD;,
 Tomomi Mizutani DDS,
 Kenichiro Ishibashi DDS, PhD;,
 Yasuyuki Shibuya DDS, PhD;, and
 Kazuya Sobue MD, PhD

How Safe Is Anesthesia Management by Dentist Anesthesiologists? The Need for an International Collaborative Study on the Safety of Anesthesia Management by Dentist Anesthesiologists

Takuro Sanuki DDS, PhD,
 Shota Tsukimoto DDS, PhD,
 Hidetaka Kuroda DDS, PhD,
 Uno Imaizumi DDS, PhD, and
 Naotaka Kishimoto DDS, PhD

General Anesthetic Management of a Patient With Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Congenita Undergoing Palatoplasty Revision

Hiroka Hattori DDS,
 Aiji Sato (Boku) DDS, PhD,
 Mayuko Kanazawa DDS, PhD,
 Erika Harada DDS,
 Mami Asai DDS,
 Yuko Shikama DDS,
 Hiroko Kobayashi DDS,
 Makoto Hirohata DDS,
 Naoko Tachi DDS, PhD, and
 Masahiro Okuda MD, PhD
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