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The purpose of this study was to determine which anesthetic was preferable for ambulatory anesthesia: propofol alone or sevoflurane alone. A crossover study was performed to compare the recovery profile and patient satisfaction after 2 anesthesia methods. Twenty healthy patients with severe anxiety toward dental treatment undergoing 2 sessions of day-case dental treatment received either propofol or sevoflurane anesthesia. The order of these methods was randomized. The depths of anesthesia were kept constant using bispectral index (BIS) monitoring. Observations on recovery profiles were performed in the emergence phase, in the recovery phase, and 24 hours after discharge. Patient satisfaction and preference were obtained by a questionnaire. Most of the recovery profiles in the emergence phase such as time to eye opening to respond to verbal command, time to BIS ≥ 75, and time to extubation were shorter in the sevoflurane group than in the propofol group. All recovery profiles in the recovery phase showed no differences between the 2 groups. Based on the subject's satisfaction and preference, propofol was evaluated as a better anesthetic for ambulatory anesthesia than sevoflurane. Higher patient satisfaction and a greater preference for future dental treatment were revealed for propofol anesthesia. Propofol may be more suitable for ambulatory anesthesia for dental treatment.

Keywords: Ambulatory anesthesia; Recovery profile; Patient satisfaction; Propofol; Sevoflurane
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Copyright: © 2016 by the American Dental Society of Anesthesiology
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Article Contents

Comparison of Remimazolam and Propofol for Intubated General Anesthesia for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Yoshio Hayakawa DDS, PhD,
 Keiko Fujii-Abe DDS, PhD,
 Sayaka Akitomi DDS,
 Shihomi Niwa DDS,
 Michiru Abe DDS,
 Manami Otsuka DDS, PhD,
 Maho Ikeda DDS,
 Takumi Ishikawa DDS, PhD,
 Manami Yajima DDS, PhD, and
 Hiroshi Kawahara DDS, PhD

The Impact of COVID-19 on Dental Anesthesiologists: An Online Survey of Board-Certified Dental Anesthesiology Specialists of the Japanese Dental Society of Anesthesiology

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 Hidetaka Kuroda DDS, PhD,
 Uno Imaizumi DDS, PhD,
 Shota Tsukimoto DDS, PhD,
 Norika Katagiri DDS, PhD,
 Ayako Mizutani DDS, PhD,
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 Shinji Kurata DDS, PhD,
 Naotaka Kishimoto DDS, PhD, and
 Kanta Kido DDS, PhD

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