Sign inSign up

ADSA Society

Logo
IssuesFor AuthorsAdvertisingNewsHelp

ADSA Society

Article Contents

  • METHODS
  • RESULTS
  • DISCUSSION
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • APPENDIX
Save
Download PDF

During dental sedation, control of the cough reflex is crucial for a safe and smooth procedure. Accumulated saliva is one of the predisposing factors for coughing. Body movements during dental sedation appear to enhance salivation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the difference in salivary secretion between the with-movements state and the without-movements state during sedation. Salivary weight for 1 min was measured 3 times in 27 patients with intellectual disability during dental treatment under deep sedation with midazolam and propofol. The observed variables were body movements, bispectral index (BIS), and predicted propofol effect-site concentration. A total of 81 measurements were classified into the with-movements state (n = 39; ie, measurements during which body movements were observed) or the without-movements state (n = 42; ie, measurements during which no body movements were observed). The median salivary weight was significantly smaller in the without-movements state compared with the with-movements state (0.03 vs 0.11 g, P < .0001). The BIS was significantly lower in the without-movements state. There was no significant difference in the predicted propofol effect-site concentration between the 2 states. Significant correlation was observed between salivary weight and BIS in the with-movements state (r = 0.44, P = .004). The findings indicate that salivary secretion decreased according to deep sedation. Furthermore, immobility also reduced salivary secretion. We concluded that one reason that immobility is beneficial is because of the resulting decreased salivary secretion during dental treatment under deep sedation.

Keywords: Deep sedation; Intellectual disability; Dental treatment; Salivary secretion; Cough reflex; Body movements; Midazolam; Propofol; Bispectral index
  • Download PDF
Copyright: © 2016 by the American Dental Society of Anesthesiology
Citations

The ASDA-AAOMS-AAP Rules Template

Kyle J. Kramer DDS, MS

Comparison of Remimazolam and Propofol for Intubated General Anesthesia for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Yoshio Hayakawa DDS, PhD,
 Keiko Fujii-Abe DDS, PhD,
 Sayaka Akitomi DDS,
 Shihomi Niwa DDS,
 Michiru Abe DDS,
 Manami Otsuka DDS, PhD,
 Maho Ikeda DDS,
 Takumi Ishikawa DDS, PhD,
 Manami Yajima DDS, PhD, and
 Hiroshi Kawahara DDS, PhD

The Impact of COVID-19 on Dental Anesthesiologists: An Online Survey of Board-Certified Dental Anesthesiology Specialists of the Japanese Dental Society of Anesthesiology

Takuro Sanuki DDS, PhD,
 Hidetaka Kuroda DDS, PhD,
 Uno Imaizumi DDS, PhD,
 Shota Tsukimoto DDS, PhD,
 Norika Katagiri DDS, PhD,
 Ayako Mizutani DDS, PhD,
 Mari Ohnaka DDS,
 Shinji Kurata DDS, PhD,
 Naotaka Kishimoto DDS, PhD, and
 Kanta Kido DDS, PhD

Tracheal Bronchus Detected During General Anesthesia: A Case Report

Toru Yamamoto DDS, PhD,
 Tatsuru Tsurumaki DDS, PhD,
 Hiroko Kanemaru DDS, PhD, and
 Kenji Seo DDS, PhD

Management of an Ingested Foreign Body in a COVID-Positive Patient

Tiffany Smith BS,
 Rachel Blum BS, and
 Raquel Rozdolski DMD

Get Email Alerts

Article Contents

Comparison of Remimazolam and Propofol for Intubated General Anesthesia for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Yoshio Hayakawa DDS, PhD,
 Keiko Fujii-Abe DDS, PhD,
 Sayaka Akitomi DDS,
 Shihomi Niwa DDS,
 Michiru Abe DDS,
 Manami Otsuka DDS, PhD,
 Maho Ikeda DDS,
 Takumi Ishikawa DDS, PhD,
 Manami Yajima DDS, PhD, and
 Hiroshi Kawahara DDS, PhD

The Impact of COVID-19 on Dental Anesthesiologists: An Online Survey of Board-Certified Dental Anesthesiology Specialists of the Japanese Dental Society of Anesthesiology

Takuro Sanuki DDS, PhD,
 Hidetaka Kuroda DDS, PhD,
 Uno Imaizumi DDS, PhD,
 Shota Tsukimoto DDS, PhD,
 Norika Katagiri DDS, PhD,
 Ayako Mizutani DDS, PhD,
 Mari Ohnaka DDS,
 Shinji Kurata DDS, PhD,
 Naotaka Kishimoto DDS, PhD, and
 Kanta Kido DDS, PhD

Tracheal Bronchus Detected During General Anesthesia: A Case Report

Toru Yamamoto DDS, PhD,
 Tatsuru Tsurumaki DDS, PhD,
 Hiroko Kanemaru DDS, PhD, and
 Kenji Seo DDS, PhD

Management of an Ingested Foreign Body in a COVID-Positive Patient

Tiffany Smith BS,
 Rachel Blum BS, and
 Raquel Rozdolski DMD
ANPR logo
AboutIssuesAuthor InformationSubscriptions

ADSA Society

eISSN: 1878-7177

ISSN: 0003-3006

Powered by PubFactory