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We analyzed trigeminal somatosensory evoked potentials (TSEP) to the alveolar mucosa to investigate the efficacy of an amide local anesthetic, 2% lidocaine hydrochloride with 12.5 μg/mL epinephrine (Lido treatment) as a topical anesthetic. Eighteen consenting healthy adult volunteers were enrolled. A volume of 0.06 mL of Lido, 0.06 g of 20% benzocaine, or 0.06 mL of physiological saline (control) was instilled onto a hemostatic adhesive patch, which was then applied to the alveolar mucosa at the maxillary right canine for 5 minutes. An electrical stimulus approximately 5 times that of the sensory threshold was applied using a surface stimulation electrode. The trigeminal somatosensory evoked potential was recorded immediately, 5 minutes, and 10 minutes after removal of the patch. Positive P125 and P310 peaks and negative N100 and N340 peaks were observed as a result of the electrical stimulation. A significant decrease in the percentage change in amplitude of N100-P125 was observed in the Lido treatment immediately, 5 minutes, and 10 minutes after patch removal. In the Lido treatment, trigeminal somatosensory evoked potential amplitude at N100-P125 decreased significantly, suggesting that topical anesthesia produced by an amide local anesthetic may have a topical anesthetic effect as potent as that produced by an ester local anesthetic.

Keywords: Benzocaine; Lidocaine; Somatosensory evoked potential; Pain; Adhesive patch
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Copyright: © 2017 by the American Dental Society of Anesthesiology

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eISSN: 1878-7177

ISSN: 0003-3006

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