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Article Contents

  • Objective
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Conclusion
  • METHODS
  • RESULTS
  • DISCUSSION
  • CONCLUSION
  • REFERENCES
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Objective

In recent years, opioid misuse has resulted in much scrutiny on providers' prescribing habits. The purpose of this study was to analyze prescribing habits in the context of third molar extractions as a model for promoting better postsurgical pain management.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional survey of oral maxillofacial surgeons in Connecticut and New Jersey. A total of 291 practitioners were contacted to complete an online survey using Qualtrics Research Services to determine prescribing habits following third molar extractions.

Results

The most common approach for postoperative analgesia was nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and an opioid/acetaminophen (APAP) combination as 2 separate prescriptions, reported by 36% of participants. The combination of hydrocodone/APAP was the most common opioid formulation, and an average of 10.93 ± 4.51 opioid pills were prescribed with a maximum of 20 pills reported. Most providers (79%) consistently provided patients with opioid information. Only 22% reported always checking opioid-monitoring programs; however, providers were more likely to check if prescribing more than ∼11 opioid pills (P = .0228). Most reported using dexamethasone (82%) and bupivacaine (56%) intraoperatively, while ketorolac was less common (15%). No association was found between the quantity of opioids prescribed and the use of intraoperative ketorolac, steroids, or bupivacaine (P > .05).

Conclusion

There remains to be a universal standard for using opioids for postoperative pain management in dentistry. Providers should be mindful when prescribing opioids and consider using NSAIDs and APAP for baseline pain plus a separate opioid prescription for breakthrough pain. Additional focus on minimizing the quantity of opioids prescribed and self-reflecting on prescribing and practice habits to further reduce opioid-related complications is warranted.

Keywords: Opioid pandemic; Pain control; Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; Post-operative pain; Opioid; Prescribing habits
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Copyright: © 2022 by the American Dental Society of Anesthesiology
Citations

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 Hiroko Kobayashi DDS,
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Article Contents

Perioperative Management of a Patient With Idiopathic Pulmonary Hypertension and a History of Syncope: A Case Report

Aiji Sato (Boku) DDS, PhD;,
 MinHye So MD, PhD;,
 Kazuma Fujikake MD, PhD;,
 Motoshi Tanaka MD;,
 Yuji Kamimura MD, PhD;,
 Haruko Ota MD, PhD;,
 Tomomi Mizutani DDS,
 Kenichiro Ishibashi DDS, PhD;,
 Yasuyuki Shibuya DDS, PhD;, and
 Kazuya Sobue MD, PhD

How Safe Is Anesthesia Management by Dentist Anesthesiologists? The Need for an International Collaborative Study on the Safety of Anesthesia Management by Dentist Anesthesiologists

Takuro Sanuki DDS, PhD,
 Shota Tsukimoto DDS, PhD,
 Hidetaka Kuroda DDS, PhD,
 Uno Imaizumi DDS, PhD, and
 Naotaka Kishimoto DDS, PhD

General Anesthetic Management of a Patient With Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Congenita Undergoing Palatoplasty Revision

Hiroka Hattori DDS,
 Aiji Sato (Boku) DDS, PhD,
 Mayuko Kanazawa DDS, PhD,
 Erika Harada DDS,
 Mami Asai DDS,
 Yuko Shikama DDS,
 Hiroko Kobayashi DDS,
 Makoto Hirohata DDS,
 Naoko Tachi DDS, PhD, and
 Masahiro Okuda MD, PhD
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