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Article Contents

  • BASIC REVIEW
  • TYPES OF MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
  • SEDATION AND GENERAL ANESTHESIA CONSIDERATIONS
  • DENTAL CONSIDERATIONS
  • CONCLUSIONS
  • REFERENCES
  • CONTINUING EDUCATION QUESTIONS
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Muscular dystrophy encompasses a group of genetic conditions with progressive muscle damage and weakness. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) are X-linked recessive disorders that affect the production of the protein dystrophin. Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is typically an X-linked-recessive disorder involving the gene that codes for emerin. Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy and oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) are both autosomal dominant disorders. Although commonly mistaken as a condition in which patients are susceptible to malignant hyperthermia with volatile inhalational anesthetics, muscular dystrophy is more closely associated with rhabdomyolysis. Providers developing an anesthetic plan for dental patients with muscular dystrophy must take into consideration the patient’s baseline cardiac and pulmonary function as well as the potential for abnormalities. Nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocker use is safe but likely to result in prolonged skeletal muscle relaxation. Succinylcholine and volatile anesthetics are generally contraindicated due to the risks of rhabdomyolysis and hyperkalemia with subsequent ventricular fibrillation, cardiac arrest, and death if left untreated. In-depth understanding of the more commonly encountered forms of muscular dystrophy is vital to providing safe and effective ambulatory anesthesia care for patients undergoing dental treatment outside the traditional hospital operating room setting.

Keywords: Muscular dystrophy; Duchenne muscular dystrophy; Becker muscular dystrophy; Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy; Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy; Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy; Sedation; Anesthesia; Rhabdomyolysis; Malignant hyperthermia
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Copyright: © 2024 by the American Dental Society of Anesthesiology
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Article Contents

Perioperative Management of a Patient With Idiopathic Pulmonary Hypertension and a History of Syncope: A Case Report

Aiji Sato (Boku) DDS, PhD;,
 MinHye So MD, PhD;,
 Kazuma Fujikake MD, PhD;,
 Motoshi Tanaka MD;,
 Yuji Kamimura MD, PhD;,
 Haruko Ota MD, PhD;,
 Tomomi Mizutani DDS,
 Kenichiro Ishibashi DDS, PhD;,
 Yasuyuki Shibuya DDS, PhD;, and
 Kazuya Sobue MD, PhD

How Safe Is Anesthesia Management by Dentist Anesthesiologists? The Need for an International Collaborative Study on the Safety of Anesthesia Management by Dentist Anesthesiologists

Takuro Sanuki DDS, PhD,
 Shota Tsukimoto DDS, PhD,
 Hidetaka Kuroda DDS, PhD,
 Uno Imaizumi DDS, PhD, and
 Naotaka Kishimoto DDS, PhD

General Anesthetic Management of a Patient With Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Congenita Undergoing Palatoplasty Revision

Hiroka Hattori DDS,
 Aiji Sato (Boku) DDS, PhD,
 Mayuko Kanazawa DDS, PhD,
 Erika Harada DDS,
 Mami Asai DDS,
 Yuko Shikama DDS,
 Hiroko Kobayashi DDS,
 Makoto Hirohata DDS,
 Naoko Tachi DDS, PhD, and
 Masahiro Okuda MD, PhD
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